Ovarian cysts shape when your normal, monthly cycle of egg growth, development and release goes awry. It is common for your ovaries to grow cystic structures (known as follicles) each month. These follicles produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which are required to stimulate the release of an egg during your menstrual cycle. Sometimes, however, a normal follicle continues to grow and it becomes recognized as functional ovarian cyst.
Generally two types of cysts are believed to be present. A follicular cyst begins when the flow of luteinizing hormone (LH) that in a normal ovarian cycle, stimulates the egg to be released, fails to occur. The follicle as a result does not rupture or release its egg, but instead turns into a cyst.
Ovarian cysts are relatively common between women although they are quite harmless and there is no treatment that is required. Complex ovarian cysts, on the other hand, are less common and more bothersome. Complex ovarian cysts are so-called because unlike their trouble-free counterparts, they have both solid and liquid components.
These cysts can be very painful and cause great discomfort depending on the severity of the cyst’s form. Women discover the existence of complex ovarian cysts within themselves generally, when they have a routine medical check-up or when they start experiencing stern pain and discomfort together with the symptoms of an ovarian cyst. Type of cyst will be critical in finalizing the line of treatment. Let us try elucidation the three types of complex ovarian cysts, which exist.
-Dermoid Cysts: These cysts are formed from the same cells that make up the human egg and so have an almost-human appearance about them because of the growth of hair, teeth and even other tissues in the cysts. These cysts are not known to be of cancerous nature but they can definitely cause a lot of pain.
-Endometrioma: This is a type of cyst, which grows outside the uterus and is caused by endometriosis.
– Cystadenomas: Mucus and liquid are found in these large cysts and they are also usually very painful. They have been known to twist upon themselves at times thereby causing unbearable pain and discomfort. Serous cystadenomas contain a thin liquid and can grow up to 2-6 inches in diameter. Compared to that, mucinous cystadenoma is a liquid which is sticky and gelatinous. Mucinous cystadenomas may possibly grow as large as 6-12 inches in diameter.
Women suffering from complex ovarian cysts often have a discomforting feeling in their pelvis region especially around their periods and during intercourse. Apart from this, they might have problems with their menstrual cycle including excessive bleeding or cessation of menstruation. Complex ovarian cysts also have certain symptoms which are similar to those which are experienced during pregnancy like breast tenderness, vomiting and nausea.
A pelvic examination is required to diagnose ovarian cysts rupture. Pelvic ultrasounds can help to verify these diagnoses. Doctors will often order pregnancy tests to rule out pregnancy, and will even categorize blood tests. Women when suffered with excessive abdominal or pelvis pain should definitely see their medical consultant immediately.
When ovarian cysts are found to be complex, these cysts should be evaluated for cancer. Although not all complex ovarian cysts are cancerous, doctors should rule this out through a series of tests. Individual’s age and particular symptoms are taken into consideration by the medical consultants while preparing the final diagnosis of an ovarian cyst rupture.